Saturday, April 18, 2015

Doubly linked list ADT

A doubly-linked list is a linked data structure that consists of a set of sequentially linked records called nodes. Each node contains two  fields, called links, that are references to the previous and to the next node in the sequence of nodes.

The beginning and ending nodes previous and next  links, respectively, point to some kind of terminator, typically a sentinel node or null, to facilitate traversal of the list. If there is only one sentinel node, then the list is circularly linked via the sentinel node. It can be conceptualized as two singly linked lists formed from the same data items,  but in opposite sequential orders.

ADT

    class Node {
        E element;
        Node next;
        Node prev;
 
        public Node(E element, Node next, Node prev) {
            this.element = element;
            this.next = next;
            this.prev = prev;
        }
    }


Operations

  • Insert
  • Delete
  • Update
  • Find

Java usage

java.util.LinkedList is a doubly-linked list.


Reference

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